By Norfolk standards, Abbey Farm is unusually rolling. The land here runs from a valley (at 25m above sea level) to the top of a chalk scarp (85m). The scarp, which has slopes of up to 1:9, passes through the farm from south-east to north-west. The face of the scarp looks towards the south or west.
There are several chalk springs that rise in the valley to the west of the scarp, though most do not flow permanently. The springs create a series of streams and ponds which feed into the River Babingley.
To the east of the scarp is land which is flat or with gentler slopes. This area has deep, sandy soils which originate from wind-blown material laid down during a glaciation.